Whilst the choice of grain storage methods is wide, the most popular ones are steel silos, concrete silos, storage warehouses and bag silos among others. Through this article we’ll analyze the difference between steel silos and concrete silos.

A common question that almost all the companies ask themselves before planning a new storage project is: What kind of storage system should I choose? Warehouse, concrete silos, steel silos…? As an answer to these questions here we point out the key differences between Steel Silos and Concrete Silos.

Production process. 

  • All steel silo parts are manufactured in a factory, so the quality can be totally controlled, whereas cast in place concrete silos involve more variables such as concrete delivery and weather. The customer has to bear in mind that useful life of concrete before use is less than 2-3 hours. After this period, concrete start losing its optimal characteristics.

Design. 

  • The slip frame concrete process is further complicated by the fact it is a dynamic or continuous process. Rebar placement, concrete quality, etc., all affect the final product. Also, field supervision plays a really serious role in concrete silos: more people working on site, longer period of commissioning (due to weather conditions) and, ultimately, higher costs.
  • Concrete silos can be taller than steel silos but these ones have bigger diameters so the total capacity is highest. For this reason concrete silos are only more suitable when the space is really limited.
  • It is easier to erect steel silos and also to install accessories like doors, ladders, samplers, etc.
  • Steel structure is more flexible, so steel silos have better behavior in case of earthquake.
  • Regarding airtight, both structures are normally airtight if the openings are properly sealed.

Price.

  • Steel silos generally give you greater storage capacity per dollar. They tend to be more cost-effective because of the higher storage capacity.

Aeration. 

  • It is easier and more effective to do aeration in steel silos. Aeration horsepower is a non-linear function of grain depth. It is often impossible or impractical to provide the same airflow in tall concrete silos that could be obtained in shorter and wider silos (the case of steel silos). A higher grain depth also leads to a higher heat of compression in the aeration system.  This means it takes a lower outside temperature to achieve the same grain temperature, making early aeration more difficult.

Foundation. 

  • Steel silos do not require the soil to be as firm in order to support the weight of the structure. Sometimes steel silos can be built on land that doesn’t have the higher load-bearing capacity needed for concrete.

There are many details and variables in silo projects and every type of grain storage has pros and cons.  The right choice is the one that fits in your infrastructure strategy.

Need more tips or advice? Please visit our FAQ’s section

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Differences, Advantages & Disadvantages

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  2. Advantages of using a Steel Silo over a Bag Silo for Grain Storage
  3. Advantages of a Steel Silo vs. a Concrete Silo for grain storage
  4. Difference and benefits of a galvanised steel silo and a carbon steel silo with food paint

Safety tips for grain handling and storage

  1. Requirements to store grains safely
  2. The importance of temperature control inside the silo
  3. How to minimise spoilage during the storage of soybean
  4. Indicators to detect problems with the soybeans stored in a silo: Heating, change in color, musty odour, lumping and caking
  5. What are the necessary control plans for storing corn in a metal silo?
  6. How to store grain to reduce post-harvest losses and protect its quality

General Guidelines

  1. Guidelines for choosing and designing a silo facility
  2. What is a Tempering Silo and what is it used for
  3. What kind of filters are used in grain storage facilities and why
  4. Metal structure of towers in grain storage facilities

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